Prevention and Treatment of Youth Sport Injuries
an Online Resource
Heat illness can be identified by a reduction in athletic ability without an obvious cause. The athlete may have a headache, nausea, vomiting, cramps, fainting and even death. Heat illness is best treated with immediate cold water immersion. If the core body temperature peaks over 104 degrees F then immersion of trunk and extremities into water between 35-59 degrees F is recommended and EMS should be called. Additionally there may be a loss of fluids. If the athlete is conscious he/she should ingest additional fluids.